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Regular and Irregular Verbs

Definition

Conjugating regular and irregular verbs

What is a regular verb?

Changing spelling
Example sentences
  • “I walk around the park each evening.” (base form)
  • “I walked around the park in the afternoon.” (past simple tense)
  • “I have walked around the park a few times this morning.” (past participle)
  • “I’m going to chop some vegetables for the salad.” (base form)
  • “He chopped some vegetables for the salad before dinner.” (past simple tense)
  • “He had already chopped some vegetables for the salad.” (past participle)
  • “Don’t copy other students’ answers or you will get an F.” (base form)
  • “I think he copied my answers.” (past simple tense)
  • “The only answers he got right were the ones he had copied.” (past participle)
  • “Your father’s fine—don’t panic!” (base form)
  • “I panicked when I heard he was in the hospital.” (past simple tense)
  • “I wish I hadn’t panicked like that.” (past participle)

Irregular verbs

Examples
  • “I am excited that college is starting.” (base form)
  • “I was sad to leave home, though.” (past simple tense)
  • “I have been making a lot of new friends already.” (past participle)
  • “I drive to work every morning.” (base form)
  • “I drove for nearly an hour yesterday.” (past simple tense)
  • “I had already driven halfway to the office when I realized I forgot my briefcase.” (past participle)
  • “I would love to grow vegetables in my garden.” (base form)
  • “I grew some juicy tomatoes last summer.” (past simple tense)
  • “He has grown a lot of different vegetables already.” (past participle)
  • “I think I would like to get a dog.” (base form)
  • “She thought a dog would provide some good company.” (past simple tense)
  • “She hadn’t thought about how much work they are.” (past participle)

Conjugating third-person singular and the present participle

1. Which of the following is a regular verb?

a) think
b) find
c) listen
d) run

2. Which of the following is an irregular verb?

a) happen
b) talk
c) walk
d) swim

3. Identify whether the verb in the following sentence is regular or irregular:
“The family hiked over the mountain.”

a) Regular
b) Irregular

4. Identify the irregular verb in the following sentence:
“She gave me a bunch of potatoes, which she harvested herself, to cook for dinner later.”

a) cook
b) gave
c) harvested
d) A & C

5. In which of the following ways do regular and irregular verbs conjugate differently?

a) When forming the past simple tense
b) When forming the past participle
c) When forming the present participle
d) A & B
e) B & C
f) None of the above

6. In which of the following ways do regular and irregular verbs conjugate in the same way?

a) When forming the past simple tense
b) When forming the past participle
c) When forming the present participle
d) A & B
e) B & C
f) None of the above

Regular verbs form the past simple tense and past participle the same way (-d or -ed), while irregular verbs do not adhere to a distinct or predictable pattern.